Domestic labor included cooking, cleaning, laundering, and childcare. The kitchen stove and a large sink with running water in a washroom off the kitchen supported some of the most difficult tasks — from preparing meals for large dinner parties to carefully mixing cleaning agents and scouring the family’s garments with different temperatures of water. The kitchen stove was a source of hot water, as well as heat in the wintertime, though the house was also heated by a central coal furnace–a luxury in rural Amherst at the time.
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